Overcoming Imposter Syndrome: How Working Women Can Conquer Self-Doubt

Have you ever achieved a major milestone, only to whisper a silent “it was just luck” under your breath, despite years of dedication and hard work? Or fearing you’ll be exposed as an incompetent imposter. This internal battle, characterized by persistent self-doubt and the fear of being unmasked, is a reality for many. This is also known as imposter syndrome. 

This psychological phenomenon, often covered in silence and shame, can impact individuals from all walks of life, casting a shadow of self-doubt on their accomplishments. 

Understanding Imposter Syndrome meaning, its roots, and potential solutions is crucial not only for personal well-being but also for fostering a more supportive and inclusive environment where everyone can thrive.

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What is Imposter Syndrome?

Imposter syndrome is a psychological phenomenon where people, despite their achievements and external validation, doubt their competence and live with a persistent fear of being exposed as a fraud. It manifests as a deep-seated belief that one’s success is a result of luck, external factors, or simply fooling others.

Imposter syndrome definition

Doubting your achievements despite success, fearing exposure as a fraud. 

Characteristics of Imposter Syndrome?

Sometimes, we all doubt our abilities, but some characteristics set imposter syndrome apart. According to Forbes, imposter phenomenon exists both in men and women, it may look like this:

Chronic Self-Doubt

Individuals constantly question their abilities and skills, regardless of evidence of their competence. This is because of a deeply ingrained belief of not enough. 

Attribute success to External Factors

They downplay their own contributions and attribute their achievements to factors like luck, good timing, or the help of others.

Fear of Exposure

They live with a constant fear that someone will discover their “true incompetence” and expose them as a fraud. Any type of failure, no matter how small, create high emotions of guilt and shame in you. You often work harder to avoid failure. 

Comparison Trap

They tend to compare themselves negatively to others, focusing on perceived superiorities and overlooking their strengths.


They set unrealistic standards for themselves, harshly judge themselves for mistakes and feel disappointed even when they achieve significant success. A recent study done by Indiana University USA, reported that perfectionism is associated with anxiety, depression, and other mental health problems.

Difficulty Accepting Praise

They downplay compliments and minimize their accomplishments, believing they don’t deserve the recognition.

Types of Imposter Syndrome

Five Types of Imposter Syndrom

  1. The Perfectionist: This type believes that anything less than flawless is a failure. They constantly strive for perfection and downplay their achievements, feeling like they could have done better. 
  2. The Superhuman: This type feels like they need to be exceptional in everything and do everything themselves. They overwork and push themselves to the limit, fearing any sign of weakness or dependence on others.
  3. The Natural Genius: This type believes intelligence and talent should come effortlessly. They judge their competence based on how quickly and easily they grasp something, feeling like a fraud if they have to put in significant effort.
  4. The Soloist: This type believes asking for help or admitting they don’t know something exposes them as an imposter. They avoid seeking support or collaboration, hindering their learning and growth.
  5. The Expert: This type feels like they need to know everything about a subject before they can consider themselves truly knowledgeable. They constantly seek more information and feel like they never truly measure up to the standard of an “expert.”

How to overcome Imposter Syndrome?

While individual strategies can help manage imposter syndome, we should actually focus and eliminate the root cause of the problem in society. Recent study in UK highlight how factors like societal stereotypes and lack of diversity within certain fields significantly contribute to self-doubt.

This individual-focused approach essentially blames the person experiencing the issue, implying they need to “fix” themselves. Instead, tackling the root causes through combating societal stereotypes, promoting diversity, and ensuring equal treatment can prevent these feelings from arising in the first place. 

By fostering a more inclusive and supportive environment, organizations can significantly reduce the prevalence of imposter syndrome and empower individuals to feel like they truly belong.


In conclusion, while individual strategies can offer some relief from imposter syndrome, addressing the root causes through societal and organizational change is crucial for long-term impact. Combating harmful stereotypes, promoting diversity and inclusion, and ensuring equal treatment can significantly reduce the prevalence of imposter feelings, particularly among underrepresented groups. 

By fostering environments that celebrate individual contributions and challenge the internal narrative of inadequacy, we can empower individuals to feel like they truly belong and reach their full potential. Remember, imposter syndrome is not a personal flaw, but a reflection of societal factors that need to be addressed for true progress.


Imposter syndrome at work manifests as a persistent feeling of self-doubt and inadequacy despite achievements and positive feedback. Individuals experiencing it often believe they don’t deserve their successes and attribute them to luck, external factors, or fooling others. This can lead to anxiety, fear of exposure, and a constant need to prove themselves, hindering career advancement and well-being. It’s particularly prevalent in high-achievers and those entering new roles or fields, where the pressure to succeed can amplify self-doubt.

Imposter syndrome isn’t caused by a single factor, but rather a complex interplay of personal traits and environmental influences. Personality traits like perfectionism, low self-esteem, and anxiety can make individuals more susceptible. Upbringing and family dynamics also play a role, particularly if success was heavily emphasized or mixed messages of praise and criticism were present. 

Additionally, societal pressures, competitive environments, and feeling like an outsider within a particular field can significantly contribute to feelings of inadequacy and imposterism.

No, imposter syndrome itself is not considered a diagnosable mental illness. It’s a collection of psychological patterns characterized by persistent self-doubt and the fear of being exposed as a fraud, despite evidence of success. While not a formal diagnosis, it can have significant negative impacts on mental well-being, often leading to anxiety, depression, and feelings of inadequacy. It’s important to note that individuals struggling with imposter syndrome may also experience co-occurring mental health conditions like anxiety disorders, further highlighting the need for support and intervention.

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